International INC INC Concepts Cardigan Boutique Boutique International How do we know something exists? There are a numbers of ways of knowing…Boutique International INC Concepts International Boutique Cardigan INC

  • -Sensory Experience
  • -Agreement with others
  • -Expert Opinion
  • -Logic
  • -Scientific Method (we’re using this one)

Boutique INC International Concepts Cardigan Boutique International INC Boutique International Boutique INC INC Concepts International Cardigan The Scientific Process (can be replicated)

  1. Identify a problem
  2. Clarify the problem
  3. Determine what data would help solve the problem
  4. Organize the data
  5. Interpret the results


General Types of Educational Research

  • Descriptive — survey, historical, content analysis, qualitative/ethnography
  • Associational — correlational, causal-comparative
  • Intervention — experimental, quasi-experimental, action research (sort of)


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Researchers Sometimes Have a Category Called Group Comparison

  • Ex Post Facto (Causal-Comparative): GROUPS ARE ALREADY FORMED
  • Experimental: RANDOM ASSIGNMENT OF INDIVIDUALS
  • Quasi-Experimental: RANDOM ASSIGNMENT OF GROUPS (oversimplified, but fine for now)

General Format of a Research PublicationInternational Boutique Boutique International INC Cardigan INC Concepts

  • Background of the Problem (ending with a problem statement) — Why is this important to study? What is the problem being investigated?
  • Review of Literature — What do we already know about this problem or situation?
  • Methodology (participants, instruments, procedures) — How was the study conducted? Who were the participants? What data were collected and how?
  • Boutique International Cardigan Boutique Concepts International INC INC Analysis — What are the results? What did the data indicate?
  • Results — What are the implications of these results? How do they agree or disagree with previous research? What do we still need to learn? What are the limitations of this study?

Del Siegle, PhD
del.siegle@uconn.edu